Title: Macroscopy of skull: metastasis of breast carcinoma (human)
Description: Macroscopy of outer (A) and inner (B) part of skull. On both bony sides a distinct protuberance of the metastasis of the breast carcinoma is well recognizable.
(By courtesy of G.P. Vooijs MD PhD, former Head of the Department of Pathology, and the Museum of Anatomy and Pathology, Radboud university medical center, Nijmegen, The Netherlands).
Background: Spread of the tumor eventually occurs through the lymphohematogenous routes. Distant metastases through the bloodstream may affect virtually any organ. Common secondary sites of breast cancer metastases are: 1. bone, 2. lungs, 3. liver, 4. brain/ meninges, 5. adrenals.
Keywords/Mesh: breast, mammary glands, skull, metastasis, breast neoplasms, histology, POJA collection, macroscopy